A study published this Thursday (13th) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – IBGE) has shown that only 15 Brazilian cities, all with more than 50 thousand people, have Subway transport, out of the total of 5,565 cities and towns in the country. The survey also shows that between 2008 and 2009 there has been an increase in the number of towns with intercity bus transport, and that in only 29.2% of Brazilian municipalities are the criteria for accessibility on buses considered.
The Research of Basic Municipal Information (MUNIC) considers data for 2009. The figures have been obtained through questionnaires which have been answered by the City Halls.
According to the IBGE, considering all types of transport present in the different municipalities, except public transport by bus, between 2008 and 2009 there has been an increase in the number of municipalities with transport by boat (from 10.5% to 11.3%), motorcycle taxi (from 52.7% to 53.9%), train (from 1.5% to 3%) and minivans (from 59.9% to 66.7%). The only decrease was in the municipalities with a taxi service, which declined from 81.5% in 2008 to 80.8% in 2009. The percentage of municipalities with a Subway service has remained stable at 0.3%.
There is a growing number of cities with an exclusive institution for education. Out of the total number of Brazilian municipalities, transport by boat is highly relevant in the North of the country, according to the survey, as this is a region where river transport is very important.
In the case of the Subway, this service is only present in municipalities with more than 50 thousand people, as this is a kind of mass transport that needs heavy investment and presents financial return in the long term.
Also according to the IBGE, in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and the Federal District the Subway system is indeed under the ground for much of its length. In the other municipalities, it is only on the surface.